Keeping Your Skin Safe from Allergies
The allergen is any substance or organism that can initiate the allergic response. It is the different cells of the human immune system that process these allergens resulting in the different signs and symptoms that are associated with inflammatory responses. As such, in an allergic reaction, there will always be considerable redness to the affected area with an increasing temperature at a clearly-defined localization. Furthermore, swelling will result because of increased permeability of the walls of the minute blood vessels surrounding the affected site. Pain or discomfort will usually lead to immobilization of the affected part.
Treating Skin Allergies
Skin allergies, like any other allergy, develop when the skin gets in contact with a substance or organism that can initiate the allergic response as described above. Regardless of the type or kind of skin allergen, the manifestations will more or less be the same all throughout. Skin allergies will be characterized by itching, warmth, rashes, and redness of the skin. In some types of skin allergies, crusting may form which may be filled with a clear water-like fluid.
As in any other form of allergy, the best management for skin allergies is the avoidance of known skin allergens such as some chemicals that are used in makeup kits, gloves, paints, lotions, creams, and soaps, among others. Insect bites as well as contact with certain species of worms can be also prevented by the use of certain topical applications that deter these insects from ever landing on your skin.
Remedies for Skin Allergies
As the allergy is localized to the skin, many of the skin allergy preparations are in topical form, meaning they are in the form of creams, lotions, sprays, or even jellies that can be applied onto the skin. However, topical skin allergy medications are only desirable in cases where the allergic response is confined to a certain region of the body. When the allergic response already covers a significantly larger part of the body such as the whole trunk or all of the extremities, it is often more practical and more beneficial to take oral or even injectable skin allergy preparations.
- Antihistamines work by reducing the itching as well as redness that is often the result of the release of histamine by the mast cells of the body.
- Corticosteroids work by suppressing the inflammatory response that is closely associated with the allergy in order to bring about relief from swelling as well as excessive redness.
- In some cases where the itching is so severe, sedatives or anti-anxiety agents can be administered not to combat the itching but rather to promote rest and sleep so that you will not have to be so stressed out. Furthermore, making you sleep will make you stop recognizing the feeling of itch.
- Home remedies such as apple cider vinegar, clay, leaves of peppermint and fresh basil, ground oatmeal, and aloe vera can also help relieve the itching that is associated with skin allergies.
The management of skin allergies, like all allergies, depends on the type of allergen as well as the degree to which the human body reacted to it. It is thus important to have a ready supply of antihistamine or topical corticosteroids for those emergency situations.